User Tools

Site Tools


other:win10maintain

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
other:win10maintain [2021/10/18 10:37]
jypeter [Intel updates] Improved and added uninstall/reinstall
other:win10maintain [2022/05/11 16:11] (current)
jypeter [Freeing up space and cleaning the computer]
Line 2: Line 2:
  
 [[other:​index#​windows_10_notes|Other Windows 10 related notes]] [[other:​index#​windows_10_notes|Other Windows 10 related notes]]
 +
 +===== Freeing up space and cleaning the computer =====
 +
 +  * [[https://​support.microsoft.com/​en-us/​help/​12425/​windows-10-free-up-drive-space|Freeing up drive space in Windows 10]]
 +    * Follow the steps listed in ''​Free up space with Storage Sense''​ (//Storage Sense// <=> ''​l'​Assistant de Stockage''​)
 +      * Some options, like removing the previous version of Windows (''​C:​\Windows.old''​) may appear only if you are using the ''​.\admin''​ account
 +
 +  * Removing the //​(pre-)installed applications//​ that you think you don't need (you can always reinstall them later)\\ **Warning**:​ some installed applications may make no sense to you, but they may have been installed by the sysadmins, or may be useful for your system. Get in touch with [[other:​newppl:​starting#​getting_help_from_the_lsce_system_administrators|help-lsce]] if you are not sure
 +    * ''​Windows+I''​ (open Settings) => ''​Applications''​ => Select and uninstall the applications you don't want
 +    * Check the applications in the [[#​updating_applications_from_the_microsoft_store|Microsoft Store]], but it will probably be just a subset of what you get with\\ ''​Windows+I''​ => ''​Applications''​
 +
 +  * More options available in: [[https://​www.windowscentral.com/​best-7-ways-free-hard-drive-space-windows-10|12 best ways to free up hard drive space on Windows 10]]
  
 ===== Updating Windows 10 ===== ===== Updating Windows 10 =====
Line 7: Line 19:
 ==== Windows 10 updates and versions history ==== ==== Windows 10 updates and versions history ====
  
-  * There are 2 **major** Windows 10 releases every year, a //spring// and //fall// version+  * There are 2 **major** Windows 10 releases every year, a //spring// and //fall// version\\ e.g. //Mise à jour de fonctionnalité vers Windows 10, version 21H2//
     * The two //major// updates are called **feature updates**     * The two //major// updates are called **feature updates**
  
-  * The more **regular** (~monthly) //​intermediate//​ updates (small fixes and security updates) are called **quality updates**\\ e.g. //2020-08 Mise à jour cumulative pour Windows 10 Version ​1909 pour les systèmes x64 (KB4565351)//+  * The more **regular** (~monthly) //​intermediate//​ updates (small fixes and security updates) are called **quality updates**\\ e.g. //2022-01 Mise à jour cumulative pour Windows 10 Version ​21H1 pour les systèmes x64 (KB5009543)//
  
-  * The **version number** (of a major/​feature update) is based on the date of the most recent large build release and uses a ''​YYMM''​ or ''​YYHn''​ format +  * The **version number** (of a major/​feature update) is based on the date of the most recent large build release and uses a ''​YYHn''​ format 
-    * ''​YYMM'',​ until Version ''​2004''​ (i.e **April** 20**20**) +    * ''​YYH1''​ and ''​YYH2''​ format (//first// and //second// half of year ''​YY''​) 
-    * ''​YYH1''​ and ''​YYH2''​ format (//first// and //second// half of year ''​YY''​), starting at the end of 2020 with version ​''​20H2''​+    * Version numbers before ​the end of 2020:\\ ''​YYMM'',​ until Version ​''​2004''​ (i.e **April** 20**20**)
  
-  * Full version history: [[https://​docs.microsoft.com/​en-us/​windows/​windows-10/​release-information|Windows 10 release information]]+  ​* More details: 
 +    ​* Full version history: [[https://​docs.microsoft.com/​en-us/​windows/​windows-10/​release-information|Windows 10 release information]] 
 +    * [[https://​support.microsoft.com/​en-us/​topic/​windows-10-update-history-857b8ccb-71e4-49e5-b3f6-7073197d98fb|Windows 10, version 21H2 update history]]
  
 ==== Checking the installed version ==== ==== Checking the installed version ====
Line 23: Line 37:
  
   * ''​Windows+I''​ (open //​Settings//​) => System => About   * ''​Windows+I''​ (open //​Settings//​) => System => About
-    * You will get something like\\ <​code>​Edition: ​ Windows 10 Pro +    * You will get something like\\ <​code>​Edition: ​  ​Windows 10 Pro 
-Version: ​19O9 +Version: ​  21H2 
-Build: ​18363.535</​code>​+Installed: 10/28/2020 
 +Build: ​    19044.1469</​code>​
  
 === Using winver === === Using winver ===
Line 31: Line 46:
   * Find and launch ''​winver''​\\ {{ :​other:​winver_launch_notes.png?​direct&​300 |}}   * Find and launch ''​winver''​\\ {{ :​other:​winver_launch_notes.png?​direct&​300 |}}
   * Check the version and build number displayed by ''​winver''​\\ {{ :​other:​winver_result_notes.png?​direct&​300 |}}   * Check the version and build number displayed by ''​winver''​\\ {{ :​other:​winver_result_notes.png?​direct&​300 |}}
-    * Note: installed "​**Version 21H1**"​ (i.e. first half (**H1**) of 20**21**) on May 27th 2021 (JYP's laptop) 
  
 ==== Updating Windows 10 ==== ==== Updating Windows 10 ====
  
-  * [[#​windows_10_updates_and_versions_history|Update types]] are explained above+<WRAP center round important 60%> 
 +LSCE users:
  
-  ​* Windows should automatically check for updates (this may depend on your settings), and display a notification when the computer can be updated.\\ You can also **manually check for updates**: ''​Windows+I''​ (open //​Settings//​) => Update & Security => Check for updates+January 2022 - Windows Update may tell you that your computer is ready to upgrade to Windows 11 
 + 
 +**Do not upgrade to Windows 11 yet**! 
 +</​WRAP>​ 
 + 
 +  * The [[#​windows_10_updates_and_versions_history|two update types]] (//​feature//​ and //quality// updates) are explained above 
 + 
 +  ​* Windows should automatically check for updates (this may depend on your settings), and display a notification when the computer can be updated.\\ You should ​also **manually check for updates** ​from time to time: ''​Win''​+''​I''​ (open //​Settings//​) => Update & Security ​=> Windows Update ​=> Check for updates
  
   * if Windows Update tells you that //Quality Updates// **and** optional //Feature Updates// are available, it is probably better to apply the //quality// updates first   * if Windows Update tells you that //Quality Updates// **and** optional //Feature Updates// are available, it is probably better to apply the //quality// updates first
Line 57: Line 79:
 ==== Dell specific updates ==== ==== Dell specific updates ====
  
 +  * Download and install the [[https://​www.dell.com/​support/​kbdoc/​en-us/​000177325/​dell-command-update|Dell Command Update]] software, if it is not already installed. This will allow you to easily download and apply all the Dell specific updates
   * ''​Start''​ => ''​Dell''​ => ''​Dell Command Update'':​ use this to get Dell specific updates (e.g. BIOS, some low level drivers) that you will not get from the Microsoft Update   * ''​Start''​ => ''​Dell''​ => ''​Dell Command Update'':​ use this to get Dell specific updates (e.g. BIOS, some low level drivers) that you will not get from the Microsoft Update
 +    * Special case of [[https://​wiki.lsce.ipsl.fr/​pmip3/​doku.php/​other:​bios#​updating_the_bios|updating the BIOS on a computer protected with bitlocker]]
     * Note: you can also get these updates from (if it is installed):     * Note: you can also get these updates from (if it is installed):
       * ''​Start''​ => ''​Dell''​ => ''​SupportAssist''​       * ''​Start''​ => ''​Dell''​ => ''​SupportAssist''​
Line 64: Line 88:
 ==== HP specific updates ==== ==== HP specific updates ====
  
-See the [[other:win7towin10#​installing_hp_software|Installing ​HP software]] section ​and probably ​only install the BIOS update (if there is one available) +  * Install ​[[http://​www.hp.com/​go/​hpsupportassistant|HP Support Assistant]] 
 +  * Execute HP SA for the first time and select to automatically check for updates, but to choose when the updates should be installed. It is probably ​safer **not** to automatically ​install ​updates 
 +  * Check if there are **recommended** updates 
 +    * Install the **recommended** packages 
 +      * FIXME Document ​the BIOS update ​on a //​modern// ​(year 2022 and laterHP, and the particular case of updating the BIOS of a laptop protected with //​bitlocker//​
 ==== Intel updates ==== ==== Intel updates ====
  
Line 79: Line 106:
   * Activate the //Get updates for other Microsoft products// option\\ {{ :​other:​ms_products_updates.png?​direct&​400 |}}   * Activate the //Get updates for other Microsoft products// option\\ {{ :​other:​ms_products_updates.png?​direct&​400 |}}
  
-===== Updating ​the applications from the Microsoft Store =====+===== Updating applications from the Microsoft Store =====
  
-  * ''​Start''​ => ''​Microsoft Store'' ​=> ''​…'' ​(in the top right corner+  * Launch the //Microsoft Store//: ​''​Start''​ => ''​Microsoft Store''​ 
-    * => Settings: ​check that the automatic ​updates ​are activated +    * Use an existing MS account if you want (see picture), but you will get updates even if you don't use an account! 
-    * => Download and updatescheck if some applications need to be updated (e.g. the Microsoft ​Store itself)+    * Select the Library panel and check/​get/​apply ​updates 
 +    * [[https://support.microsoft.com/​en-us/​account-billing/​payment-billing-and-the-microsoft-store-app-help-bdf79f17-1b6c-449c-a7fb-9ba16c7e6db2|Extra MS Store information]]
  
-===== Cleaning the computer ===== +{{ :other:ms_store_login_02_notes.png?​direct&​600 ​|}}
- +
-  * [[https://​support.microsoft.com/​en-us/​help/​12425/​windows-10-free-up-drive-space|Free up drive space in Windows 10]] +
-    * Follow the steps listed in ''​Free up space with Storage Sense''​ +
-      * Some options, like removing the previous version of Windows (''​C:\Windows.old''​) may appear only if you are using the ''​.\admin''​ account +
-  * Removing the //​pre-installed applications//​ that you think you don't need (you can always reinstall them later from the Microsoft store library): e.g. Bubble witch, Disney Magic Kingdoms, March of Empires, Minecraft, Microsoft Solitaire Collection, ... +
-    * ''​Windows+I''​ (open Settings) => Applications => Select and uninstall the applications you don't want +
-  * More options available in: [[https://​www.windowscentral.com/​best-7-ways-free-hard-drive-space-windows-10|10 best ways to free up hard drive space on Windows 10]]+
  
 /* standard page footer */ /* standard page footer */
other/win10maintain.1634553456.txt.gz · Last modified: 2021/10/18 10:37 by jypeter