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Keeping your Windows 10 computer clean and up-to-date

Updating Windows 10

Windows 10 updates and versions history

  • There are 2 major Windows 10 releases every year, a spring and fall version
    e.g. Mise à jour de fonctionnalité vers Windows 10, version 21H2
    • The two major updates are called feature updates
  • The more regular (~monthly) intermediate updates (small fixes and security updates) are called quality updates
    e.g. 2022-01 Mise à jour cumulative pour Windows 10 Version 21H1 pour les systèmes x64 (KB5009543)
  • The version number (of a major/feature update) is based on the date of the most recent large build release and uses a YYHn format
    • YYH1 and YYH2 format (first and second half of year YY)
    • Version numbers before the end of 2020:
      YYMM, until Version 2004 (i.e April 2020)

Checking the installed version

Using Windows Settings

  • Windows+I (open Settings) ⇒ System ⇒ About
    • You will get something like
      Edition:   Windows 10 Pro
      Version:   21H2
      Installed: 10/28/2020
      Build:     19044.1469

Using winver

  • Find and launch winver
  • Check the version and build number displayed by winver

Updating Windows 10

  • Windows should automatically check for updates (this may depend on your settings), and display a notification when the computer can be updated.
    You should also manually check for updates from time to time: Win+I (open Settings) ⇒ Update & Security ⇒ Windows Update ⇒ Check for updates
  • if Windows Update tells you that Quality Updates and optional Feature Updates are available, it is probably better to apply the quality updates first
  • The special case of major/feature updates
    • Windows may not tell you that a feature update is available, but you can manually check for updates and get one of the 3 cases below:
      • No feature update available
      • A feature update is theoretically available, but your computer is not ready yet to install it (maybe because the required device drivers are not available yet), or just too old. In that case, you may see a message saying that the latest update will soon be available. It should rather say that your computer is not ready yet (and maybe will never be!)
      • A feature update is ready for download! But don't rush to install a feature update!
        • To be safe, don't start a feature update during a field trip or when you are away for a conference! It is probably safer to do it at work (where you can get some help from Help) or at home.
        • Make sure you have enough time (at least 2 hours) to download/install a feature update and that a laptop is connected to AC power! It may take some time to download a feature update, and the installation will also take time (including a few reboots)
        • Things should not go wrong, but:
  • Check for updates, apply the updates, reboot, check for updates again and repeat until there are no more updates available.

    At that stage, the installed version of Windows 10 should have the same (or close) version number as the latest one in Windows 10 release information (unless your computer is too old to install the latest major update)

Dell specific updates

  • Download and install the Dell Command Update software, if it is not already installed. This will allow you to easily download and apply all the Dell specific updates
  • StartDellDell Command Update: use this to get Dell specific updates (e.g. BIOS, some low level drivers) that you will not get from the Microsoft Update

HP specific updates

See the Installing HP software section and probably only install the BIOS update (if there is one available)

Intel updates

You will probably receive all the driver updates you need through the Windows and Dell/HP updates, but in some cases, you may also want to check if Intel provides some updates (there could be some extra updates for your Intel processor, your Intel graphics card, your Intel WiFi/Bluetooth card, etc…)

Updating Microsoft Office

You need to activate the Office (and misc Microsoft software) update, if you want to get updates for some Microsoft products

  • Windows+I (open Settings) ⇒ Update & Security ⇒ Advanced options
  • Activate the Get updates for other Microsoft products option

Updating the applications from the Microsoft Store

  • Open the Microsoft Store: StartMicrosoft Store
  • Find the Settings and make sure that the automatic updates are activated
  • Some updates may not be applied automatically: find the Downloads and updates panel (e.g. by clicking on the Library button) and click on Get updates

Cleaning the computer

    • Follow the steps listed in Free up space with Storage Sense
      • Some options, like removing the previous version of Windows (C:\Windows.old) may appear only if you are using the .\admin account
  • Removing the pre-installed applications that you think you don't need (you can always reinstall them later from the Microsoft store library): e.g. Bubble witch, Disney Magic Kingdoms, March of Empires, Minecraft, Microsoft Solitaire Collection, …
    • Windows+I (open Settings) ⇒ Applications ⇒ Select and uninstall the applications you don't want

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other/win10maintain.1643126418.txt.gz · Last modified: 2022/01/25 16:00 by jypeter