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Basic Windows 10 Configuration

Activating system protection

Displaying the Computer icon on the desktop

This will allow you to access your disks more conveniently/quickly. Follow the steps below and move the Computer icon to the top left of the screen

Show desktop icons in Windows 10

Configuring folders and shortcuts

You should have most of your files in the two following folders:

  • Local HOME FOLDER: <some_disk:>\Users\<your_login>
    • This is where you keep your work. Do not put this folder on the C: system disk/partition (unless you have only one partition on the computer)
    • This folder is different from your Windows User folder! ⇒ C:\Users\<your_login>
      • Documents on your desktop are located in C:\Users\<your_login>\Desktop
    • Remember to make a backup of this folder regularly!
  • Local SCRATCH FOLDER: <another_disk:>\Scratch\<your_login>
    • The place where you store your temporary files, installation programs, etc…

Creating folder shortcuts on the desktop

Local folders

Use the file explorer to go to your local Home folder inside the Users folder (the Users that is not on the C: disk), click on the small folder icon at the left of the bar displaying the folder location, and drag the icon on the desktop. This will create a shortcut that you can rename Home Local

Do the same thing to create a Scratch Local shortcut on the desktop, pointing to <another_disk:>\Scratch\<your_login>

Folders on the LSCE servers

When you are on the LSCE network, open the file explorer, copy paste \\dfshost\dfs\home in the location field and press <Return> to display the content of your Linux home directory. Grab the folder icon at the left of the location field, drop it on the desktop and rename it Home Linux.

Do the same thing with \\dfshost\dfs\scratch01\<your_login> and create a Scratch Linux shortcut

You can access other LSCE remote disks by starting from the \\dfshost\dfs location and navigating to the disk you are interested in

Displaying hidden folders

  1. Open the file explorer
  2. Select File → Change folders and search options → Display
  3. Enable Display hidden files and folders
  4. Unselect Mask known file types extensions
  5. Save

Checking power settings and activating hibernation

Go to the Power panel: Win+ISystemPower and sleep

  • Check/choose when the screen and PC should go to sleep
    • If you have to maintain a network connection (ssh, cygwin/X, etc…) you have to set up the options so that the computer will never go to sleep (at least not when it's connected to a power source, for laptops!)
  • Go to Additional power settingsChoose what the power button doesChange settings that are currently unavailable
    • Select when the computer should sleep, hibernate or shutdown
    • If you have a laptop, it's really useful to enable Hibernation when you press the Sleep button of the laptop (Fn key and the function key with a moon logo). When your laptop is in sleep mode, it will still use some of the battery, but no power is required for the hibernation mode.

More details

Tech note: if you want to save space and remove the hibernation file (C:\hiberfil.sys) on a desktop because you know that you will never use hibernation, you can just type powercfg -h off in a cmd shell (powercfg -h on to re-activate). You should always use hibernation on a laptop, for performance reasons

Using keyboard shortcuts

You can save some time by learning Windows keyboard shortcuts

Working with virtual desktops

Keyboard shortcuts

  • Open Task view: Win + Tab
  • Cycle through the virtual desktops: Win + CTRL + left or right arrow
    • Hint! On a laptop, you can swipe left or right with four fingers on the trackpad to go to the previous/next desktop
  • Create a desktop: Win + CTRL + D
  • Close current desktop: Win + CTRL + F4

More about Windows shortcuts

Restoring applications' settings from another computer


Configuring eduroam

Follow the steps on the LSCE Eduroam WiFi page

Adding useful applications

Visit the Installing extra applications for Windows 10 and get what you need

Configuring WSL to use Ubuntu on your computer

Follow the steps on the Windows Subsystem for Linux, and Ubuntu page

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other/win10config.1555580138.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/04/18 09:35 by jypeter