C:\disk. You may want to check the free space available on
C:\from time to time (remembering that you need enough space there for the system, system updates, what you store on your desktop, etc…)
C:\Utils\directory where you can put these applications
Once you have installed FF and/or TB, you should follow the instructions for moving and restoring FF and TB. You should probably even read these before moving to a new computer, if you want to restore the FF and TB settings you had on the previous computer
Install Chrome if you think that you may need an extra browser (besides the builtin Edge and the preinstalled Firefox) to test the content of some web pages or to use some videoconferencing software
All the details on the Using the emacs text editor page
Notepad++ is a free source code editor and Notepad replacement that supports several languages
sftptransfer) by using the NppFTP plugin
emacsfor working with remote files with the
/user@server:/path/filesyntax (but NPP is easier to install…)
The editors listed below go from the simplest to the most powerful (but harder to use)
French : Outil Capture d'écran
For simple screenshots and/or annotating images, you can launch the preinstalled Snip & Sketch (Capture d'écran et croquis) tool from the Start menu
Autodesk SketchBook was bundled for free with Windows 10 till ~June 2021, and can now be bought from the Microsoft Store as Sketchbook Pro…
Sketchbook Pro can be used for freehand drawing (especially if you have a tablet or touch screen)
JYP recommends using XnView Classic rather than MP, because of the very useful slideshow feature of the Classic version
XnView Classic is an efficient image viewer, browser and converter for Windows. This software is really simple to use and totally free for personal use. It supports more than 500 image formats
Download page (the Standard installer should be enough)
Paint.NET is an image and photo editing software for PCs that run Windows. It features an intuitive and innovative user interface with support for layers, unlimited undo, special effects, and a wide variety of useful and powerful tools.
ImageJ is a public domain Java image processing program, that may have some features not available in the other bitmap editors
C:\Utilsdirectory (if it does not exist yet), and extract the
C:\Program Files\Java\jdk-17.0.4\bin\directory and select the
ImageJ\ImageJ.cfgconfiguration file if you update Java later, or if you need to reset the ImageJ configuration
GIMP is a cross-platform image editor available for GNU/Linux, macOS, Windows and more operating systems. It is free software, you can change its source code and distribute your changes.
Whether you are a graphic designer, photographer, illustrator, or scientist, GIMP provides you with sophisticated tools to get your job done. You can further enhance your productivity with GIMP thanks to many customization options and 3rd party plugins
Inkscape is a Free and open source vector graphics editor for GNU/Linux, Windows and macOS.
It offers a rich set of features and is widely used for both artistic and technical illustrations such as cartoons, clip art, logos, typography, diagramming and flowcharting. It uses vector graphics to allow for sharp printouts and renderings at unlimited resolution and is not bound to a fixed number of pixels like raster graphics.
.svgformat as well as
VLC VLC is a free and open source cross-platform multimedia player and framework that plays most multimedia files as well as DVDs, Audio CDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols.
The following applications allow you to visualize NetCDF files without using a programming language (and probably more). You can of course also use Python
NASA GISS Panoply plots geo-referenced and other arrays from netCDF, HDF, GRIB, and other datasets. Panoply is a cross-platform application that runs on Macintosh, Windows, Linux and other desktop computers.
C:\Utilsdirectory (if it does not exist yet), and extract the
Panoply.exeand try to open an existing NetCDF file
NCAR Vapor is the Visualization and Analysis Platform for Ocean, Atmosphere, and Solar Researchers. It provides an interactive 3D visualization environment that can produce animations and still frame images, and runs on Windows, OSX, Ubuntu, and CentOS.
ParaView is an open-source, multi-platform data analysis and visualization application.
ParaView users can quickly build visualizations to analyze their data using qualitative and quantitative techniques. The data exploration can be done interactively in 3D or programmatically using ParaView’s batch processing capabilities.
You probably think that just copying a folder from time to time with a drag 'n drop is enough, but this becomes difficult to manage when the folder size grows and you have several folders to manage
There are several types of backup (mirror, incremental or differential imaging, cloning, 2 way synchronization, etc…) of different sources (full disks, partitions, directories, …) to/from different destinations (external disk, cloud, …)
Our basic need is to mirror one source directory on a local disk to a destination directory on an external disk (check the users' manuals if you need more features). This can be easily done with SyncBack
A short definition of mirroring:
Note: List of backup software (wikipedia)
ownCloud(combined with LSCE sharebox) is very useful and you should read the dedicated page!
ownCloudcan be used on Windows, Linux and Mac!
ownCloud Desktop Client enables you to connect folders on your desktop to your corporate ownCloud Server. With it you can create folders, organize your local ownCloud directory, and keep the contents of your local directory synced with your ownCloud server. Anything shared with you will also appear in your home directory on your desktop, and changes will be automatically synced.
ownCloud is compatible with:
You can use the SyncBack family of products to backup, synchronize, and restore data files.
The SyncBackFree version should be enough for easily mirroring directories, or groups of directory to an external disk, but you can compare the features available in SyncBackPro, SyncBackSE and SyncBackFree: summary comparison and full comparison.
It is very important to backup your work regularly. Check the Using SyncBack page for more details.
Note: JYP has not really tested the Macrium option…
Macrium Reflect is image based backup and cloning software. Macrium Reflect creates an accurate and reliable image of a hard disk or the partitions on the disk. In the event of a partial or complete system loss, you can use this image to restore the entire disk, one or more partitions, or even individual files and folders.
The Free Edition can be used for imaging or cloning a full disk
rsync is a convenient Linux command that can be used for mirroring a directory hierarchy to another location on the same computer (e.g. a removable disk) or a remote server. It can also be used on a Windows 10 computer where WSL + Ubuntu is installed!
On Windows, it is easier to use the mirroring option of SyncBack.
Read the Mirroring directories with rsync on the
There is nothing to install, cmd is the basic Windows command interpreter
Enterin the Windows search field (or use another way)
Optionsto check the options, including the useful QuickEdit mode and Use Ctrl+Shift+C/V as Copy/Paste option mentioned below
Enterto toggle the terminal to full screen
There is nothing to install, the PowerShell is directly available in Windows
X) and select
Windows Terminal is a powerful and configurable interface that can be used to open
Terminalcan be found in
Terminalis started, new terminals can be opened from the pull-down menu
Ubuntuterminal will appear only after installing WSL+Ubuntu
CTRLkey when clicking on Windows PowerShell, if you need a PowerShell in admin mode
Terminalcan also be used to open a local Linux terminal, when Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) is installed and configured
PuTTY, once we can configure the mouse buttons to replicate selection/copy/paste (Feature request: add xterm-style select/copy/paste options)
PuTTY is a free implementation of SSH and Telnet for Windows and Unix platforms, along with an xterm terminal emulator.
In other words, PuTTY is an easy to use ssh client for Windows that will allow you to connect to the LSCE servers with a very efficient text terminal
If you are in a hurry and PuTTY is not installed yet, you can directly use the
ssh provided with Windows 10!
Startmenu and select
Powershell, or use Start => Terminal
ssh user@serverto connect to the server
Read the Installing and configuring PuTTY page to learn the best way to use PuTTY (and VcXsrv if you have to display remote graphical windows)
You should probably also have a look at the understanding and using ssh correctly page, if you want to understand basic ssh options, and how PuTTY and VcXsrv interact
If you have not installed PuTTY yet, do it before installing WinSCP
When the installer asks which Installation type you want, select the Custom Installation and unselect Pageant and PuTTYgen in the Components options screen
WinSCP is a popular SFTP client and FTP client for Microsoft Windows! Copy file between a local computer and remote servers using FTP, FTPS, SCP, SFTP, WebDAV or S3 file transfer protocols.
WinSCPwill automatically use the private ssh key stored in
PuTTY) for authentication, if
Pageantis running and configured properly
WinSCPto transfer files between your computer and ssh1 when you are outside LSCE.
Check the Using an X server on Windows section of the Installing and configuring an X server page. You should probably read the full page, or at least the table of content
Check the WSL page if you want to run Ubuntu (or another Linux) on your Win10 computer!!
Zotero is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share research
Zoterois a great tool but, for obvious security reasons, you should not store your data in the
Zoterocloud (free or paying)
Zoterowithout creating an account! More details below
Zoteroaccount and synchronizing your research data to an unknown cloud!
Zotero Connectorextension in the current browser (and possibly all the other browsers you regularly use)
Zoteromust be running when you click on the connector button in your browser (but you will be reminded by a popup, if that's not the case)
Zoterofor the first time, and update some basic preferences (
Zoterodata (except the settings) will be stored: database, documents (pdf, …)
Zoteroonly needs a local folder in order to work on a given computer. You do not need a Zotero cloud account
C:\drive on Windows) will make it easier to create a backup of
Zoterodata (and restore/move the data to another computer), and synchronize
Zoterodata between computers without having to use a
Zoterodata between different computers, you should have only one version of Zotero running, in order to avoid synchronization conflicts!
Zoteroon a computer before shutting down the computer and using Zotero on your other computer
Zoterolocal folder location in
Files and Folders⇒
Data Directory Location:
Zoterouser: move the full content of the default
C:\Users\<your_login>\Zoteroon Windows) to the new location
Zoterocontent (coming from another computer or a backup) to the selected Custom location
Zoteroto easily add bibliographies to your documents!
Zoteromust be running when you use the plugin in the supported processors!
Publish or Perish is designed to help individual academics to present their case for research impact to its best advantage, even if you have very few citations
7-Zip is a file archiver with a high compression ratio
Depending on which kind of data you work with, you can install a local Python distribution:
Remember that it is always better to move the computation where the original (an possibly huge) data files are, and you should probably use a remote Python distribution (e.g. if your data is located at LSCE)
CDAT is a Python distribution for the climate scientist. It can only be installed in the WSL+Ubuntu part of a Win10 computer. Check the installation instructions for 8.1 (or later)
The Anaconda distribution is provided by the Anaconda company (that was previously called Continuum Analytics). It is similar to EDM, but probably more widely used than EDM
Note: Anaconda provides and uses
conda for its installation. Since CDAT is also installed and maintained with
conda, you can read the Installing and maintaining UV-CDAT with conda page for more information, even if you are not going to use CDAT
Enthought Deployment Manager (EDM) is Enthought’s mechanism to deliver scientific software applications and development environments
There are native installers for Windows (.msi), Mac OS X (.pkg), RHEL/Fedora (.rpm), and Debian/Ubuntu (.deb)
You only need to install the
JDK if other applications (e.g Panoply, ImageJ) need it
Java SE 17in May 2023)
JDK Development Kit 17.0.7in May 2023) for your computer and install it
x64 MSI Installer
Samsung Smart Switch seamlessly transfers contacts, photos, music, videos, messages, notes, calendars and more to virtually any Samsung Galaxy device.
wingetcommands and their options)
PS C:\Users\your_login> winget search --name emacs Nom ID Version Source ----------------------------------- GNU Emacs GNU.Emacs 28.2 winget PS C:\Users\your_login> winget show --id GNU.Emacs Trouvé GNU Emacs [GNU.Emacs] Version : 28.2 Publisher : GNU Project ID de l’Editeur https://www.gnu.org Moniker : emacs Description : An extensible, customizable, free/libre text editor - and more. Page d’accueil : https://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/ Licence : GPL Copyright : Copyright (C) 2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc. Programme d'installation : Type : nullsoft URL de téléchargement : https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/emacs/windows/emacs-28/emacs-28.2-installer.exe SHA256 : 1e8d037882e61d3fadf44f4e6153f538b131e6b7f475dc59eb20d85052a83b1e PS C:\Users\your_login > winget show --id GNU.Emacs --versions Trouvé GNU Emacs [GNU.Emacs] Version ------- 28.2 28.1 27.2 27.1 PS C:\Users\your_login> winget install --id GNU.Emacs Trouvé GNU Emacs [GNU.Emacs] Version 28.2 La licence d’utilisation de cette application vous est octroyée par son propriétaire. Microsoft n’est pas responsable des paquets tiers et n’accorde pas de licences à ceux-ci. Downloading https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/emacs/windows/emacs-28/emacs-28.2-installer.exe ██████████████████████████████ 46.2 MB / 46.2 MB Le code de hachage de l’installation a été vérifié avec succès Démarrage du package d’installation... Merci de patienter. Installé correctement PS C:\Users\your_login> winget list --id GNU.Emacs Aucun package installé ne correspond aux critères saisis. PS C:\Users\your_login> winget list --id WinSCP.WinSCP Nom ID Version Disponible Source ----------------------------------------------------- WinSCP 5.21.5 WinSCP.WinSCP 5.21.5 5.21.6 winget PS C:\Users\your_login> winget show --id WinSCP.WinSCP Trouvé WinSCP [WinSCP.WinSCP] Version : 5.21.6 PS C:\Users\your_login> winget upgrade Nom ID Version Disponible Source ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ [...] Zotero DigitalScholar.Zotero 6.0.15 6.0.18 winget WinSCP 5.21.5 WinSCP.WinSCP 5.21.5 5.21.6 winget Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable (x64) - 12.0.30501 Microsoft.VCRedist.2013.x64 12.0.30501.0 12.0.40664.0 winget [...] PS C:\Users\your_login> winget upgrade --id WinSCP.WinSCP Trouvé WinSCP [WinSCP.WinSCP] Version 5.21.6 La licence d’utilisation de cette application vous est octroyée par son propriétaire. Microsoft n’est pas responsable des paquets tiers et n’accorde pas de licences à ceux-ci. Downloading https://sourceforge.net/projects/winscp/files/WinSCP/5.21.6/WinSCP-5.21.6-Setup.exe/download ██████████████████████████████ 10.9 MB / 10.9 MB Le code de hachage de l’installation a été vérifié avec succès Démarrage du package d’installation... Merci de patienter. Installé correctement PS C:\Users\your_login> winget list --id WinSCP.WinSCP Nom ID Version Source ------------------------------------------- WinSCP 5.21.6 WinSCP.WinSCP 5.21.6 winget