C:disk. You may want to check the free space available on
C:from time to time (remembering that you need space there for the system, system updates, what you store on your desktop, etc…)
Once you have installed FF and/or TB, you should follow the instructions for moving and restoring FF and TB. You should probably even read these before moving to a new computer, if you want to restore the FF and TB settings you had
Install Chrome if you think that you may need an extra browser (besides the builtin Edge and the preinstalled Firefox) to test the content of some web pages or to use some videoconferencing software
Notepad++ is a free source code editor and Notepad replacement that supports several languages
The editors listed below go from the simplest to the most powerful (but harder to use)
French : Outil Capture d'écran
For simple screenshots and/or annotating images, you can launch the preinstalled Snip & Sketch (Capture d'écran et croquis) tool from the Start menu
For freehand drawing (especially if you have a tablet or touch screen), you can use the preinstalled Autodesk SketchBook
JYP recommends using XnView Classic rather than MP, because of the very useful slideshow feature of the Classic version
XnView Classic is an efficient image viewer, browser and converter for Windows. This software is really simple to use and totally free for personal use. It supports more than 500 image formats
Paint.NET is an image and photo editing software for PCs that run Windows. It features an intuitive and innovative user interface with support for layers, unlimited undo, special effects, and a wide variety of useful and powerful tools.
GIMP is a cross-platform image editor available for GNU/Linux, OS X, Windows and more operating systems. Whether you are a graphic designer, photographer, illustrator, or scientist, GIMP provides you with sophisticated tools to get your job done. You can further enhance your productivity with GIMP thanks to many customization options and 3rd party plugins.
Dia is roughly inspired by the commercial Windows program 'Visio,' though more geared towards informal diagrams for casual use. It can be used to draw many different kinds of diagrams. It currently has special objects to help draw entity relationship diagrams, UML diagrams, flowcharts, network diagrams, and many other diagrams.
Inkscape is professional quality vector graphics software […] for creating a wide variety of graphics such as illustrations, icons, logos, diagrams, maps and web graphics.
Inkscape uses the W3C open standard SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) as its native format, and is free and open-source software. Inkscape has sophisticated drawing tools with capabilities comparable to Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW and Xara Xtreme. It can import and export various file formats, including SVG, AI, EPS, PDF, PS and PNG.
.svgformat as well as
The following applications allow you to visualize NetCDF files without using a programming language (and probably more). You can of course also use Python
https://www.giss.nasa.gov/tools/panoply/ plots geo-referenced and other arrays from netCDF, HDF, GRIB, and other datasets. Panoply is a cross-platform application that runs on Macintosh, Windows, Linux and other desktop computers.
NCAR Vapor is the Visualization and Analysis Platform for Ocean, Atmosphere, and Solar Researchers. VAPOR provides an interactive 3D visualization environment that can also produce animations and still frame images. VAPOR runs on most UNIX and Windows and OSX systems equipped with modern 3D graphics cards.
ParaView is an open-source, multi-platform data analysis and visualization application. ParaView users can quickly build visualizations to analyze their data using qualitative and quantitative techniques. The data exploration can be done interactively in 3D or programmatically using ParaView’s batch processing capabilities.
You probably think that just copying a folder from time to time with a drag 'n drop is enough, but this becomes difficult to manage when the folder size grows and you have several folders to manage
There are several types of backup (mirror, incremental or differential imaging, cloning, 2 way synchronization, etc…) of different sources (full disks, partitions, directories, …) to/from different destinations (external disk, cloud, …)
Our basic need is to mirror one source directory on a local disk to a destination directory on an external disk (check the users' manuals if you need more features). This can be easily done with SyncBack
Note: List of backup software (wikipedia)
You can use the SyncBack family of products to backup, synchronize, and restore data files.
The SyncBackFree version should be enough for easily mirroring directories, or groups of directory to an external disk, but you can compare the features available in SyncBackPro, SyncBackSE and SyncBackFree: summary comparison and full comparison.
It is very important to backup your work regularly. Check the Using SyncBack page for more details.
Macrium Reflect is image based backup and cloning software. Macrium Reflect creates an accurate and reliable image of a hard disk or the partitions on the disk. In the event of a partial or complete system loss, you can use this image to restore the entire disk, one or more partitions, or even individual files and folders.
The Free Edition can be used for imaging or cloning a full disk
rsync is a convenient Linux command that can be used for mirroring a directory hierarchy to another location on the same computer (e.g. a removable disk) or a remote server. It can also be used on a Windows 10 computer where WSL + Ubuntu is installed! On Windows, it is easier to use the mirroring option of SyncBack.
Mirroring means in the
rsync case that we will only copy new or changed files. The first copy may take some time, but will be much faster afterwards, when only a few files have been created/changed and have to be copied. Or, if a copy is interrupted, the files already copied will not be copied a second time.
Warning! It is easy to lose files with
rsync if you use the wrong syntax or options!
Mirroring no files by mistake, to a place where there are files, with the
--delete option, means that existing files or whole directory hierarchies will be deleted!
--dry-run(simulate what would be done) and
-v(verbose) before performing an actual synchronization
/or not behind a directory name makes a difference!
man rsync for more options and details…
man rync for more details and options
-a, --archive archive mode; equals -rlptgoD (no -H,-A,-X) -r, --recursive recurse into directories -l, --links copy symlinks as symlinks -p, --perms preserve permissions -t, --times preserve modification times -g, --group preserve group -o, --owner preserve owner (super-user only) --devices preserve device files (super-user only) --specials preserve special files -D same as --devices --specials -v, --verbose increase verbosity -z, --compress compress file data during the transfer -W, --whole-file copy files whole (w/o delta-xfer algorithm) -C, --cvs-exclude auto-ignore files in the same way CVS does RCS SCCS CVS CVS.adm RCSLOG cvslog.* tags TAGS .make.state .nse_depinfo *~ #* .#* ,* _$* *$ *.old *.bak *.BAK *.orig *.rej .del-* *.a *.olb *.o *.obj *.so *.exe *.Z *.elc *.ln core .svn/ .git/ .hg/ .bzr/ --delete delete extraneous files from dest dirs -n, --dry-run perform a trial run with no changes made -c, --checksum skip based on checksum, not mod-time & size
/mnt/h/test/directory that we would like to mirror to another disk or destination, as
test/directory somewhere else
/after the source directory, and NO
/after the destination directory
rsync --dry-run -avW -C /mnt/h/test/ /mnt/i/test
-Cmakes sure that files and directories considered as temporary will not be copied.
-Coption if you really want to copy all the files!
rsync --dry-run -aW -C /mnt/h/test/ /mnt/i/test
rsync -aW -C /mnt/h/test/ /mnt/i/test
--deleteoption will make sure that files present in the destination directory, but not in the source directory will be deleted! Be careful, make some tests and use the
--dry-runoption before using this
rsync -aW -C --delete /mnt/h/test/ /mnt/i/test
PuTTY is a free implementation of SSH and Telnet for Windows and Unix platforms, along with an xterm terminal emulator.
In other words, PuTTY is an easy to use ssh client for Windows that will allow you to connect to the LSCE servers with a very efficient text terminal
If you hare in a hurry and PuTTY is not installed yet, you can directly use the
ssh provided with Windows 10!
Startmenu and select
ssh user@serverto connect to the server
You should probably also have a look at the understanding and using ssh correctly if you want to understand basic ssh options, and how PuTTY and VcXsrv interact
Check the VcXrv installation and configuration section on the WSL+Ubuntu page
WinSCP is a popular SFTP client and FTP client for Microsoft Windows! Copy file between a local computer and remote servers using FTP, FTPS, SCP, SFTP, WebDAV or S3 file transfer protocols.
Zotero is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share research
ownCloud Desktop Client enables you to connect folders on your desktop to your corporate ownCloud Server. With it you can create folders, organize your local ownCloud directory, and keep the contents of your local directory synced with your ownCloud server. Anything shared with you will also appear in your home directory on your desktop, and changes will be automatically synced.
ownCloud is compatible with:
VLC is a free and open source cross-platform multimedia player and framework that plays most multimedia files as well as DVDs, Audio CDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols.
7-Zip is a file archiver with a high compression ratio
Depending on which kind of data, you can install a Python distribution either directly in Windows, or in the Linux section (WSL + Ubuntu or some other Linux flavor) of the computer
The Anaconda Python distribution can be installed either directly in Win10, or in the WSL+Ubuntu part of Win10. CDAT (above) uses Anaconda for its installation
The Enthought Canopy Python distribution can be installed either directly in Win10, or in the WSL+Ubuntu part of Win10.
Check the WSL page if you want to run Ubuntu (or another Linux) on your Win10 computer!!
Samsung Smart Switch seamlessly transfers contacts, photos, music, videos, messages, notes, calendars and more to virtually any Samsung Galaxy device.
SideSync is a new PC-Mobile solution that enables screens, windows, and data to be shared easily. Share between a PC and a Galaxy smartphone, or between a Galaxy Tab and Galaxy smartphone