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Basic Windows 7 Configuration

Using keyboard shortcuts

You can save some time by learning Windows keyboard shortcuts

Creating folder shortcuts on the desktop

After following the migration instructions, you should have most of your files in 2 different folders:

  • DATA FOLDER: <disk:>\Users\<your_login>
  • SCRATCH FOLDER: <disk:>\Scratch\<your_login>

Local folders

Go to the Users folder, right-click on <your_login> and select Create a shortcut. Drag the shortcut to the desktop, to copy it, and rename it Home Local. Remove the shortcut that was created in \Users.

Do the same thing to create a shortcut names Scratch Local on the desktop, pointing to \Scratch\<your_login>

Folders on the LSCE servers

Open any local folder, copy paste \\dfshost\dfs\home in the location field and press return to display the content of your Linux home directory. Grab the folder icon at the left of the location field, drop it on the desktop and rename it Home Linux.

Do the same thing with \\dfshost\dfs\scratch01\jypeter and create a Scratch Linux shortcut

You can access any LSCE server disk by starting from the \\dfshost\dfs address

Disabling the firewall

The firewall must be disabled, otherwise some applications (cygwin/X) may not work correctly

Control Panel ⇒ Security ⇒ Firewall ⇒ Activate/Deactivate ⇒ Disable Windows Firewall

Displaying hidden folders

Follow the steps in Show hidden files (Windows 7)

In the View tab, you should also uncheck the option Hide extensions for known file types

Affichage du poste de travail sur le bureau

Démarrer ⇒ clic avec le bouton droit sur “Ordinateur” ⇒ “Afficher sur le bureau”

Customizing Windows "appearance"

Panneau de config ⇒ Apparence et Personnalisation

Removing Windows sound effects

⇒ Modifier les effets sonores ⇒ Sons ⇒ Aucun son (ET aussi désactiver “Jouer le son de démarrage de Windows)

Changing the theme

Choisir l'un des thèmes existants (ou en télécharger un)

Note : une fois le thème choisi, les options de changement d'image du bureau sont disponibles dans '→ Modifier l'arrière-plan du bureau'

Changing the screensaver

⇒ Modifier l'écran de veille

Choisir “Vierge”, délai “15 mn” (ou autre), et “A la reprise, demander l'ouverture de session” (pour que cela fasse un 'lock screen')

Folder options

⇒ Options des dossiers ⇒ Affichage ⇒ Cocher “Afficher les fichiers, dossiers et lecteurs cachés” et NE PAS cocher “Masquer les extensions…”

Modification de l'apparence des dossiers

Ouvrir un dossier, choisir “Détails”, tri par date de modification (avec les fichiers/dossiers les plus récents en bas), puis cliquer sur “Organiser → Options des dossiers et de recherche → Affichage → Appliquer aux dossiers”

Changing the Sleep or Hibernation mode

You can use the following to change what should happen when you use the power button(s) or when you are not using your computer

Panneau de config ⇒ Matériel et Audio ⇒ Options d'Alimentation ⇒ Choisir l'action des boutons d'alimentation

Panneau de config ⇒ Matériel et Audio ⇒ Options d'Alimentation ⇒ Modifier les conditions de mise en veille de l'ordinateur

If you have to maintain a network connection (ssh, cygwin/X, etc…) you have to set up the options so that the computer will never go to sleep (at least when it's connected to a power source, for laptops!)

More official information: Sleep and hibernation: frequently asked questions

Tech note: if you want to save space and remove the hibernation file (C:\hiberfil.sys) on a desktop because you know that you will never use hibernation, you can just type powercfg -h off in a cmd shell (powercfg -h on to re-activate). You should always use hibernation on a laptop, for performance reasons :-)

Ajout d'une analyse complète par Symantec


Désactiver la barre des langues

Cliquer avec le bouton de droite sur le 'FR' dans la barre des taches et choisir “Fermer la barre de langues” puis “OK”

Limitation de la place réservée sur C pour les points de restauration


Moving the data directories of Thunderbird and Firefox

You should follow the steps described in the thunderbird and firefox pages to move the TB and FF directories to a place that you can easily find, backup and move to a new computer

Configuring Firefox

Unless you have followed the steps above to restore a previous installation of Firefox that was already configured correctly, it can be useful to configure Firefox a bit

  • Right-click in the top Firefox bar and select Menu Bar in order to access the menus more easily/quickly
  • Go to Tools ⇒ Options

Using the NVIDIA Graphics card

If you have a NVIDIA card, you can righ-click on the desktop and use NView Desktop Manager to activate multiple virtual desktops (and keyboard shortcuts to navigate between the desktops)

Dealing with the slow Safely Remove Hardware for USB devices

This maybe linked to the use of network printers, or to some devices that take time to be listed. The delay problem can be reproduced by opening Start ⇒ Devices and Printers : once devices and printers are displayed, there is no more delay in ejecting the USB devices!

Check the following links:

Dealing with audiodg.exe high CPU usage

The CPU usage of the main Windows 7 audio device driver can sometimes increase so much that the computer will become unresponsive (strangely occurred several times when saving the virtualbox session). You can follow one of the links below and disable the audio enhancements:

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other/win7config.txt · Last modified: 2020/01/08 09:45 by jypeter